What Is The Lightest And Heaviest Element?

Which element is hardest?

carbonThe hardest pure element is carbon in the form of a diamond.

Diamond is not the hardest substance known to man.

Some ceramics are harder, but they consist of multiple elements.

Not all forms of carbon are hard..

Which is the rarest element on earth?

element astatineA team of researchers using the ISOLDE nuclear-physics facility at CERN has measured for the first time the so-called electron affinity of the chemical element astatine, the rarest naturally occurring element on Earth.

What is the lightest thing in the world?

Aerographene, also known as graphene aerogel, is believed to be the world’s lightest material with a density of just 0.16 milligram per cubic centimeter. Zhejiang University researchers developed the material, which is approximately 7.5 times less dense than air.

Which is the lightest gas in the world?

HydrogenHydrogen is the lightest, most abundant and explosive gas on Earth. The atomic weight of Radon is 222 atomic mass units making it the heaviest known gas. It is 220 times heavier than the lightest gas, Hydrogen.

Which is the heaviest metal gold or silver?

Answer. Gold is the heavier metal than silver. Osmium is the heavier metal than all the metals.

What is the strangest element?

The most weird and wonderful elements in the periodic tableKrypton (Atomic number: 36)Curium (Atomic number: 96)Antimony (Atomic number: 51)Copernicium (Atomic number: 112)Bismuth (Atomic number: 83)

Which is the lightest and heaviest metal?

Heaviest Metal by Relative Atomic Mass Oganesson (atomic number 118) is the heaviest element on the periodic table, but it is a synthetic element that can’t be observed in nature. Lithium (atomic number 3, relative atomic mass 6.941) is the lightest metal in terms of relative atomic mass.

What’s harder than diamond?

But cubic boron nitride is still, at best, just the world’s second hardest material with a Vickers hardness of around 50 GPa. Its hexagonal form (w-BN) was initially reported to be even harder but these results were based upon theoretical simulations that predicted an indentation strength 18% higher than diamond.

What’s the heaviest liquid on Earth?

MercuryMercury is by far the heaviest, and if you had to stick your arm in one of these liquids, mercury would be the safest. Elemental mercury is not easily absorbed and metabolized.

What is the heaviest metal song ever?

At the end of 2009 the track ‘Hunting & Gathering (Cydonia)’ from SunnO)))’s ‘Monoliths & Dimensions’ was named the Heaviest Song of All-Time by American radio DJ Jason Ellis.

Which is the lightest metal on earth?

MicrolatticeMicrolattice is the lightest metal ever made. At 99.99 percent air, it’s light enough to balance on top of a dandelion, while its structure makes it strong. Strength and record-breaking lightness make it a potential metal for future airplanes and vehicles.

Why is element 118 so expensive?

The most expensive natural element is francium. Although francium occurs naturally, it decays so quickly that it cannot be collected for use. Only a few atoms of francium have been produced commercially, so if you wanted to produce 100 grams of francium, you could expect to pay a few billion U.S. dollars for it.

What is the heaviest element?

uraniumThe heaviest element found in any appreciable amount in nature is uranium, atomic number 92. (The atomic number refers to the number of protons in an atom’s nucleus.)

What is the lightest of all elements?

HydrogenHydrogen, most abundant in the universe, is the chemical element with atomic number 1, and an atomic mass of 1.00794 amu, the lightest of all known elements.

What is the softest element on earth?

CesiumCesium is a rare, silver-white, shiny metal with brilliant blue spectral lines; the element’s name comes from “caesius,” a Latin word meaning “sky blue.” It is the softest metal, with a consistency of wax at room temperature.

What is the strongest metal in the world?

tungstenIn terms of tensile strength, tungsten is the strongest out of any natural metal (142,000 psi). But in terms of impact strength, tungsten is weak — it’s a brittle metal that’s known to shatter on impact.

What is most expensive element in the world?

As of 2020, the most expensive non-synthetic element by both mass and volume is rhodium. It is followed by caesium, iridium and palladium by mass and iridium, gold and platinum by volume. Carbon in the form of diamond can be more expensive than rhodium.