Quick Answer: What Are The 20 Most Common Elements?

What is the most common element in the human body?

Nitrogen – 2.4kg The four most abundant elements in the human body – hydrogen, oxygen, carbon and nitrogen – account for more than 99 per cent of the atoms inside you.

They are found throughout your body, mostly as water but also as components of biomolecules such as proteins, fats, DNA and carbohydrates..

What is the rarest element in the universe?

AstatineAstatine is the rarest naturally occurring element.

What are the first 18 elements?

Terms in this set (18)Hydrogen. H.Helium. He.Lithium. Li.Beryllium. Be.Boron. B.Carbon. C.Nitrogen. N.Oxygen. O.More items…

What is the first 20 element?

First 20 ElementsAtomic NumberElementSymbol17ChlorineCl18ArgonAr19PotassiumK20CalciumCa16 more rows

What are the 20 most common elements on earth?

Material/Twenty most abundant elements in Earth’s crustElement% massOxygen46.71Silicon27.69Aluminum8.07Iron5.0516 more rows•Sep 29, 2013

What are the 25 elements essential to life?

About 25 elements are essential to life (Figure 4-1). Four of these elements—oxygen (O), carbon (C), hydrogen (H), and nitrogen (N)—make up about 96 percent of the living matter in your body. Calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), sulfur (S), and a few other elements account for most of the remaining 4 percent.

What is the lightest element on earth?

HydrogenHydrogen is the lightest element. Dihydrogen, H2, is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas. The properties of hydrogen are summarized in Table 11.1.

What are the six elements of life?

The six most common elements of life on Earth (including more than 97% of the mass of a human body) are carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, sulphur and phosphorus.

What are the 50 elements?

118 Elements and Their Symbols and Atomic NumbersName of the ElementSymbol of the ElementAtomic NumberSilverAg47CadmiumCd48IndiumIn49TinSn5071 more rows

What are the first 10 elements?

What are the First 10 ElementsName of the ElementSymbol of the ElementAtomic NumberHydrogenH1HeliumHe2LithiumLi3BerylliumBe45 more rows

How can I remember the first 20 elements?

The first 20 Elements of the Periodic Table: Hydrogen, Helium, Lithium, Beryllium, Boron, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Neon, Sodium, Magnesium, Aluminium, Silicon, Phosphorus, Sulphur, Chlorine, Argon, Potassium, Calcium. Mnemonic: “Hi Helen, Listen B.B.C. News On Friday N(e)ight.

What are the 30 most common elements?

30 most common elements a…Iodine. I.Sodium. Na.Carbon. C.Lithium. Li.Neon. Ne.Chromium. Cr.Calcium. Ca.Aluminum. Al.More items…

What are the 20 elements?

The elements of the periodic table sorted by atomic numberAtomic numberName chemical elementSymbol17ChlorineCl18ArgonAr19PotassiumK20CalciumCa114 more rows

What are the 10 most common elements on earth?

The mass-abundance of the nine most abundant elements in the Earth’s crust is approximately: oxygen 46%, silicon 28%, aluminum 8.3%, iron 5.6%, calcium 4.2%, sodium 2.5%, magnesium 2.4%, potassium 2.0%, and titanium 0.61%.

What’s the most useful element?

carbonLife demands a huge variety of molecules, with chains and rings and branches and cages—tricks that iron rarely attempts. And so we are left with carbon, the most versatile, most adaptable, most useful element of all. Carbon is the element of life.

Why is lithium so rare?

Because of its relative nuclear instability, lithium is less common in the solar system than 25 of the first 32 chemical elements even though its nuclei are very light: it is an exception to the trend that heavier nuclei are less common.

What are the top 10 most abundant elements in the human body?

Oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus are the most abundant elements found in the human body, followed by potassium, sulfur, sodium, chlorine, and magnesium.

What are the first 20 elements in order?

These are the first 20 elements, listed in order:H – Hydrogen.He – Helium.Li – Lithium.Be – Beryllium.B – Boron.C – Carbon.N – Nitrogen.O – Oxygen.More items…•

What are the 10 most important elements?

10 Most Useful Chemical ElementsKrypton. Krypton (Kr) isn’t just the element that makes Superman weak. … Curium. The element curium (Cm) is created by adding many helium ions to plutonium. … Lutetium. Lutetium (Lu) was discovered by Georges Urbain in 1907. … Zirconium (Zr) … Copper.

What is the most abundant thing on earth?

Pelagibacter ubique is often cited as the most common organism ever: it’s a third of all the single-celled organisms in the ocean.

Why is oxygen so common in the universe?

Oxygen is the third most abundant element in the universe (after hydrogen and helium). It is therefore thought to be an important constituent of the clouds of gas and dust from which new stars and their planets develop.